molds and plastics - moldplast  injection troubleshooter -


problem solver - most common problems and it's solution


Black Specks
  Description:
Small black areas (spots) inside the material, mostly present in transparent resins.

Black Specks see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Blisters, Bubbles
 

Description:
Small air-or gas-filled hollows in the moulding, cooling voids.

Blisters, Bubbles see solutions solution

moldplast troubleshooter
Blush / Flow Marks
  Description:
Blush and flow marks are the result of variations in material temperature, caused by the temperature gradient between machine nozzle and mould sprue bushing. A halo around the direct sprue is the result of cold material in the nozzle tip section. Eliminating the temperature gradient will minimize the blush and halo effects.

Blush / Flow Marks see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Burn marks / Diesel Effect
  Description:
Burn marks are often like brown streaks. They are usually caused by overheating the material due to entrapped air (diesel effect) and this causes the darkening in colour.

Burn marks / Diesel Effect see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Delamination
  Description:
Separation of layers in the moulded part that can be peeled off. flaking of surface layers. It results from insufficient layer bonding due to inhomogeneities and high shear stresses.

Delamination see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Dimensions of Part
  Description:
Excessive shrinkage means part dimensions differing from expected ones; amorphous resins behave differently to semi-crystalline materials.

Dimensions of Part see solutions solutions

 
Discolouration
  Description:
The appearance of areas in the moulding with a deviating colour.

Discolouration see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Flash
  Description:
A film of material attached to the moulding at the mould parting line.

Flash see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Jetting
  Description:
A turbulent flow in the resin melt: the melt strand enters the cavity in an uncontrolled way. Due to cooling down, the strand is not fused homogeneously with the melt that follows and it shows as a serpentine line on the part surface. Too little restriction when filling the cavity, material is injected in empty space.

Jetting see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Pitting
  Description:
Pitting is the presence of unmelted particles due to difficult dispersion of additives, wrong mixing or crosslinking during processing.

Pitting see solutions solutions

 
Record Grooves
  Description:
Resembles the grooves of gramophone records. At slow speed - as material enters cold tool - it loses its flow (below HDT) before actual contact. The melt that follows flows over cooled melt, to repeat the cycle.

Record Grooves see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Sticking in Cavity
  Description:
At end of cycle, the moulding does not release from the mould but sticks in the cavity (female mould side).

Sticking in Cavity see solutions solutions

 
Sticking on Core
  Description:
At end of cycle, the moulding does not release from the mould but sticks on the core (male mould side)..

Sticking on Core see solutions solutions

 
Short Shots
  Description:
Resulting from incomplete filling of the mould: parts of the moulding are not formed.

Short Shots see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Sink Marks
  Description:
Visible defects resulting from insufficient cooling before removal from the mould.
A heavy rib intersecting a thin wall may show up sink marks. Quite difficult to eliminate by varying processing conditions.
Too high holding pressure – useless when gating is too small – creates very high stresses in gate areas.

Sink Marks see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Splay / Streaks
  Description:
Splay marks, silver streaks, splash marks are the result of
(a) moisture on the pellets which should be removed under recommended drying times and temperatures
(b) products of degradation due to overheating
(c) residual non-aqueous volatiles in material

(a) and (c) will produce fine lines emanating from the gate all over the part whereas (b) will show up as coarse lines, lumps in sections of the moulded parts.

Splay / Streaks see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Stringing
  Description:
Stringing is the appearance of a thin plastic string coming from the sprue.

Stringing see solutions solutions

 
Voids
  Description:
Vacuum hollows (‘empty bubbles’) in the moulding, due to thermal shrinkage that draws material away from the fluid core of the part.

Voids see solutions solutions

moldplast troubleshooter
Warpage / Distortion
  Description:
A dimensional deformation of the moulding resulting from frozen-in stress, or because the part was taken too hot from the mould. Basically it is due to pressure differences between areas.

Warpage / Distortion see solutions solutions

 
Weld lines / Knit lines
  Description:
These lines occur where two plastics flow fronts in the mould meet. The streams of plastic should be hot enough to fuse adequately. Weld lines are not just surface marks, but can be points of weakness: notches, stress raisers.

Weld lines / Knit lines see solutions solutions

 
     

contact :  jmfalcao@moldplast.com

Search by Keyword:
moldplast plastics

  Site Map » plast industry
mold making industry
contact us
home page

brief history
main types
troubleshooter
it's uses
tech bookshop
stock control software
special links
resume